Skip to Main Content

Organic Chemistry Text Book (CHEM 3401 and 3402)

9.1 Introduction of Alkynes

Addition Reactions of Alkynes

A carbon-carbon triple bond may be located at any unbranched site within a carbon chain or at the end of a chain, in which case it is called terminal. Because of its linear configuration ( the bond angle of a sp-hybridized carbon is 180º ), a ten-membered carbon ring is the smallest that can accommodate this function without excessive strain. Since the most common chemical transformation of a carbon-carbon double bond is an addition reaction, we might expect the same to be true for carbon-carbon triple bonds. Indeed, most of the alkene addition reactions discussed earlier also take place with alkynes, and with similar regio- and stereoselectivity.