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Human Anatomy & Physiology Laboratory OER

Materials to accompany KINS 2511 and KINS 2512 Human Anatomy and Physiology labs.


Identify the following endocrine glands. 

  1. Pituitary gland
  2. Pineal gland
  3. Thyroid gland
  4. Adrenal gland
  5. Pancreas
  6. Testicles
  7. Ovaries



  1. Pituitary gland - pea-sized gland located in the sella turcica of the sphenoid bone; called the “master gland”
  2. Pineal gland - pea-sized gland located in the epithalamus, near the center of the brain, between the two hemispheres; produces melatonin
  3. Thyroid gland - located on the anterior surface of the larynx; butterfly-shaped organ, has two lobes connected by the isthmus; makes thyroid hormone and calcitonin
  4. Adrenal gland (aka suprarenal) - a triangular shaped gland located on the superior surface of the kidney; made up of an adrenal cortex and adrenal medulla; helps the body deal with stress; produces epinephrine, norepinephrine, aldosterone, and cortisol
  5. Pancreas - long, slender organ; located posterior to the stomach; helps regulate blood sugar by secreting insulin and glucagon 
  6. Testicles - paired oval organs  in the male reproductive system; located in the scrotum; secrete testosterone
  7. Ovaries - paired oval organs in the female reproductive system; located in the pelvic cavity lateral to the uterus; secrete estrogens and progesterone 


Module 13 McGraw Hill Connect APR Cadaver Activity