Below are frequently asked questions regarding NSF's data management plan requirements. If you have a question that's not addressed below, contact Jeffrey Mortimore, Discovery Services Librarian, for more information.
Some directorates offer more specific guidelines. Engineering (ENG), for example, includes “analyzed” data in that directorate’s policy, meaning those data that are published in articles, dissertations, or supplementary materials. Note that figures within a publication aren’t sufficient – tables of the numbers used to create figures should be made available. Sharing raw data is not typically required. Where no specific guidance is available, consider two things when deciding which data to share:
What data are necessary to reproduce or validate your results? Note that this may include code.
What data have the potential for reuse by others?
Some directorates offer more specific guidelines. Several require researchers to share data within 2-3 years of collection, the end of the award, or publication; so, those are some benchmarks to consider if your directorate or the solicitation does not offer more specific guidelines.
Some directorates offer more specific guidelines (ENG specifies data should be kept at least for three years). If you are depositing your data in a data center or archive with a long-term commitment to providing access to the data, then you should simply state this in your plan. If you plan to host the data yourself or pay a service provider to host it for you, then you should specify a time period that is reasonable and that your budget can sustain, and explain that in your data management plan.
The NSF does not maintain a general purpose data repository, although some directorates and programs recommend certain repositories (see for example the data policy of the Division of Ocean Sciences). If no recommendations are provided, some of your options include disciplinary repositories (searchable at re3data), OpenICPSR, Digital Commons @ Georgia Southern, publishers (for data related to publications), or a custom solution for your project. Please contact Jeffrey Mortimore, Discovery Services Librarian, for specific recommendations.
That depends on what you mean. Data in papers in tables and figures is not really considered to be an adequate means of sharing. If, on the other hand, you already publish in journals which require data sets related to papers to be deposited in a data center and manuscripts to include citations or accession numbers for those data sets, that would be a reasonable data sharing plan for those data sets. More and more journals are beginning to accept data sets as supplementary materials and/or to require that authors make their data available.
NSF allows for costs associated with data management (typically line G2, with an explanation in the budget justification). If you are depositing your data in a data center or archive, then your data will probably be available for the long term. Most data centers or repositories either accept data free of charge (if it is within their collection scope) or charge a one-time fee at the time of deposit, making budgeting fairly straightforward.
NSF recognizes that there are legitimate circumstances under which an investigator simply cannot share their data. Your data management plan should explain those circumstances.
Yes, the library provides support for developing data management plans, including suggestions for services within and beyond Georgia Southern University. Please contact Jeffrey Mortimore, Discovery Services Librarian, for more information.
Yes, take a look at the examples available on our Example DMPs page. If your data management plan receives favorable reviews and you are willing to share it with colleagues, please let us know. We'd like to add some examples from Georgia Southern University to our list!