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Evaluating Sources with the CRAAP Test: Home

What is it?

When you find information on the web, you never know who is presenting the information or where they are getting it. By applying the different elements of the CRAAP test, you can have a more informed idea of whether or not you should rely on the information presented on any website. You may have to put more or less emphasis on the different elements of the CRAAP test depending on your information need.

Click on the four links, below, to use the CRAAP Test checklist to assess for credibility and appropriateness.  If it's a page on a website, make sure you track back to the website's main page and affiliations, etc. Beyond reliability, make sure you are sure to consider relevance (since something can be reliable, but not relevant).

*One more thing to note: just because something is credible does not mean it is scholarly. Something scholarly is considered at an even higher level than something credible. If your instructor wants you to use scholarly sources, most websites are not going to be consdiered scholarly, even if they are credible.


CRAAP Test Checklist

CRAAP Test, what kind of test?

What's CRAAP?

Currency: When was the information published or last updated?

Relevance: What is the depth/coverage of info? Who is the intended audience? How well does the source answer your questions?

Authority: Who wrote the information? What are their credentials? Are they affiliated with a company? A non-profit? A university? **Look for a Contact Us or About Us page.**

Accuracy: Are there any citations? Are there references to other people/organizations? Are there external links? Where are the links going and do they work? Can you verify the information elsewhere?

Purpose: Does the website aim to teach? Inform? Sell? Entertain? Persuade? Is it .gov? .edu? .com?