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Citing Sources

MLA

MLA (from the Modern Language Association) is a citation style commonly used in the humanities. View the below PowerPoint presentation for an introduction to MLA.

Remember:

When deciding how to cite your source, start by consulting the list of core elements. These are the general pieces of information that MLA suggests including in each Works Cited entry. In your citation, the elements should be listed in the following order:

  1. Author.
  2. Title of source.
  3. Title of container,
  4. Other contributors,
  5. Version,
  6. Number,
  7. Publisher,
  8. Publication date,
  9. Location.

Each element should be followed by the punctuation mark shown here.  --from Purdue OWL

Format your MLA Paper

1" Margins

12pt Font, double-spaced

Create a running header with your last name and page number (header sometimes ommited from first page)

List Name, Instructor, Course, and Date in upper-left corner of first page

Quick Links for MLA Help:

MLA Style Guide in the Library

In-text Citations

With author in sentence:

Naomi Wolf argues that women's magazines have instilled a message that women have to look a certain way to experience happiness and excitement (61).

Without author in sentence:

"A girl learns that stories happen to 'beautiful' women, whether they are interesting or not" (Wolf 61).

In-text citations for print source with no known author:

We see so many global warming hotspots in North America likely because this region has "more readily accessible climatic data and more comprehensive programs to monitor and study environmental change..." ("Impact of Global Warming" 6).

When a source has no known author, use a shortened title of the work instead of an author name. Place the title in quotation marks if it's a short work (such as an article) or italicize it if it's a longer work (e.g. plays, books, television shows, entire Web sites) and provide a page number.

Works Cited Page:

Book, with 1 Author

Wolf, Naomi. The Beauty Myth. Doubleday, 1991.

Author Name (Last Name, First Name). Title of Book. Publisher, Publication Date.

Book, with 2 Authors

Beecher, Willard, and Marguerite Beecher. Beyond Success and Failure. Julian Press, 1966. 

Author Name (first author appears Last Name, First Name: second author appears First Name, Last Name). Title of Book. Publisher, Publication Date.

Book, No Author

The Book of Common Prayer. Seabury Press, 1979.

Title of Book. Publisher, Publication Date.

Journal Article, with 3 authors

Green, Cheryl, Walter Knysz, III, and Ming T. Tsuang. "A Homeless Person With Bipolar Disorder and a History of Serious Self-Mutilation." American Journal of Psychiatry, vol. 157, no.1, 2000, pp 1392-1397.

Author Name (first author appears Last Name, First Name: second and third appear First Name, Last Name). "Title of Article." Title of Journal, volume #, issue #, publication date, page range.

Article Accessed From Electronic Database (more than 3 authors)

Coulton, Keith, et al. "Eleni's Creepy Cookies."  People Magazine, vol. 6, no. 6, 2009, pp. 6-10, web.a.ebscohost.com/ehost/detail/detail?vid=2&sid=9995b4bb-b145-4cc7-86bb-dc238fe58a3c%40sessionmgr4010&hid=4209&bdata=JnNpdGU9ZWhvc3QtbGl2ZQ%3d%3d#AN=117003555&db=a9h. Accessed 12 August. 2016.

Author Name (first author appears Last Name, First Name - followed by et al.) "Title of Article." Title of Journal, volume #, issue #, page range, URL. Date Accessed.

Webpage

The Purdue OWL Family of Sites. The Writing Lab and OWL at Purdue and Purdue U, 2008, owl.english.purdue.edu/owl. Accessed 23 Apr. 2008.

Name of Site. Name of Institution/organization affiliated with the site, date of resource creation (if available), URL, Date of Access (if applicable).